How does a ground source heat pump work?

Warmth naturally streams from warmer to cooler locations. A ground source heat pump manipulates these physics by flowing a chilly fluid via ground range pipework in the water or ground. It absorbs low-grade bordering power from exterior heat resources, such as rock, lakes, soil, as well as streams.

The ground source heat pump then compresses, as well as condenses this totally free power to a greater temperature level, and transfers it to the property’s home heating as well as warm water system.

Having given up the soaked-up energy from the ground to the heat pump, the fluid continues its circuit back to the submerged pipework to begin the cycle again.

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The process of how a heat pump functions:

  • A cold-water anti-freeze mix is pumped through the ground within a series of energy-absorbing pipelines, called ground ranges. As warmth naturally streams from warmer to cooler areas, the anti-freeze mix flowing the selection is continuously warmed by the ground’s low-grade heat.
  • Having increased in temperature level, the anti-freeze mixture is fed into a warmth exchanger called the evaporator.
  • Within the secondary sealed side of the evaporator, the warmth exchanger is a cooling agent that serves as a warmth transfer liquid. When the water anti-freeze mix enters the evaporator, the energy soaked up from the ground is transferred into the refrigerant which starts to steam as well as develop into a gas.
  • The cooling agent never physically blends with the water anti-freeze blend. They are divided like sandwich layers by the plates of the warmth exchanger which permit the warmth transfer.
  • This gas is then fed right into a compressor. The pressure of the cooling agent gas is enhanced in the compressor, which makes the gas temperature rise.
  • The hot cooling agent gas then moves right into a second warm exchanger, called the condenser, which includes the same set of warmth transfer plates.
  • The condenser supplies water hot enough to serve the room heating system and the property’s warm water demands. Having transferred its warmth, the refrigerant gas goes back to a fluid.
  • This liquid is then passed through an expansion shutoff at the end of the cycle to decrease its pressure as well as temperature level, prepared to commence the cycle once more.

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